Jana Gana Mana-National Anthem song is composed by K. Bharat, Tabun, Vasudev Shukla, and Shank-Neel. This Hindi-language song runs for 1 minute and 16 seconds. This song is played during Republic Day and Independence day celebrations. Download and listen to Jana Gana Mana-National anthem MP3 song online on Gaana.com. Vande Matram – National Song of India Posted by Nitin Kumar on Aug 14, 2012 in Hindi Language First of all, I would like to wish all our Indian members, a very happy Independence Day! After a long struggle for independent rule, India got freedom from British rule on 15th August in 1947. Vande Mataram initially served as the National Anthem of India, but later Jana-gana-mana was adopted as the anthem of independent India. This was because the Muslim sect in India felt that the song was biased, as it depicted the nation as 'Ma Durga', a Hindu Goddess.
Vande Mataram is the national song of India written by the Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in 1882 in novel, Anandamath. Originally it was written two languages, Bengali and Sanskrit.
National song is sung to the Mother Land on any national occasions. This song is very inspiring had help freedom fighters a lot during the Indian independence movement. It is very powerful and still inspires us to always fight for our nation wellness. It was first time sung by the Rabindranath Tagore in 1896 in a political meeting of Indian National Congress.
Two most beautiful stanzas of the original Vande Mataram song have been officially declared as the National Song of India in 1950 after the independence of India.
Lyrics of National Song of India
The two stanzas of the original version Vande Mataram has been adopted as the “National Song” of India:
sasya syamalam mataram
sukhadam varadam mataram
History of National Song of India
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee is also known by name Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. He was very famous novelist and great poet of India. He had written the Vande Mataram song (on 7th of November in 1875) from which the national song of India has been taken officially. These two words (Vande Mataram) is the most important word of the national song and have become words of great importance for our nation. These two words are very inspiring, motivating and most powerful which was recited by many freedom fighters of India when they were being sentenced by the Britishers.
Motherland is a most important essence of Hindu culture. All the great warriors of the India (Lord Rama, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, etc) had fought dedicatedly for saving the Motherland. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was graduated from Calcutta University. He was a government official when he composed the “Vande Mataram” song. He wrote this song by using words from both language, Sanskrit and Bengali which was first published in his novel Anandamatha (written in Bengali) in 1882. Soon he was asked to give a special tune for his song.
Vande Mataram is very famous quote which has been by the freedom fighters as the national cry for getting freedom from British rule. It has given lots of inspiration to us during the Indian independence movement. It was used to enhance nationalistic fervour and shouted as a slogan during all the independence movement. This song was first sung by the Rabindranath Tagore (writer of national anthem) in the Congress meeting at Calcutta in 1896. Later it was sung by the Dakhina Charan Sen in 1901 after five years during another Congress meeting at Calcutta.
In 1905, it was again sung by the great poet, Sarala Devi Chaudurani in the Congress meeting in Benares. A journal was started with same name by the Lala Lajpat Rai and a political movie was made with same name by the Hiralal Sen in 1905. Vande Mataram was written in the centre of the first version flag of India by the Bhikaiji Cama in 1907.
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National Song of India:
National Song of India:Vande Mataram
Written by: Bankim Chandra Chattophadyay.
Music: Hemanta Mukerjee
Featured in: Anandamath
Adopted on: 24thJanuary 1950
Published in 1882
Vande Mataram is the National songof India which is another important National symbol of India other than theNational Anthem, National Flag, National Animal, National Emblem, National Bird and NationalCalendar. It was composed by legendary Bengali writer Bankim ChandraChattophadyay. The song was pronounced as the National song of India on January24th 1950. The National song is given same respect as that ofNational Anthem of India. The National song was a source of inspiration to thefreedom fighters who were fighting against the British to free India from theirhands. Vande Mataram developed huge enthusiasm among the young Indians both menand women who fought against British and sacrificed their lives to MotherIndia.
Written in the Bengali script inthe novel Anandmath the poem and the title BandeMataram meant “I praise to thee Mother”. The song was first sung byRabindranath Tagore at the Indian National Congress session in the year 1896.Later after India got independence and in the year 1950 the first two verses ofthe song was declared as the National song of India. Aurbindo Ghosh who was aphilosopher and spiritual leader referred the song as National Anthem ofBengal. The root word Vande in Sanskrit is Vand which has mentions in Vedictexts and Rigveda. Vand means to praise, to celebrate and salute respectfullyand Mataram which has Sanskrit word as matar and in Latin as mater which means“mother”.
Lyrics and Translation of Vande Mataram
Thepoem Vande Mataram featured in patriotic novel of Bhankim Chandra Chathopadya’sAnandmath which was published between 1880-1882. The language of the novel isBengali but the verses of Vande mataram are written in Sanskrit. Out of the sixverses only first two verses are considered and adopted as National song ofIndia. The first two verses of the song in Sanskrit are as follows:
History and Indian National Movement
Every Indian was fighting hard against British tomake Mother India free from British. At that time Vande Mataram was like a boonto freedom fighters who became excited on hearing Vande Mataram. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was a BAgraduate from Calcutta University had joined the British government as a civilservant. He served as a District Magistrate and later promoted as DistrictCollector. It is believed that Chattopadhyay wrote Vande Mataram when he wasstill working in British government. He wrote Vande Mataram spontaneously usingboth Bengali and Sanskrit words at Chuchurah.
Later Rabindranath Tagore further gave a boost tothe song when he first sang the song in the year 1896 during Indian NationalCongress session in Calcutta. Fearing the strong unity among the Indians theBritish government banned the book and the recital of the song a crime. TheBritish government imprisoned thousands of Indian freedom fighters who werefighting for independent India. In the year 1901 Dakina Charan Sen sang thesong in another Indian National Congress session. Lala Lajpat Rai started ajournal called as Vande Mataram from Lahore. Young revolutionaries and thefreedom fighters got inspiration from Vande Mataram. Every Indian were cryingand shouting Vande Mataram. Such was the power of the song of Vande Mataram.
Complete National Song of India
Phullakusumita drumadala shobhinim,
Suhasinim, sumadhura bhashinim,
Sukhadam, varadam, Mataram”
“Saptakotikantha kalakala ninada karale
Dvisaptakoti bhujair dhrita-khara karavale
Abala kena ma eta bale
“Tumi vidya, tumi dharma,
Tumi hridi, tumi marma,
Tvam hi pranah sharire,
Bahute tumi ma shakti,
Hridaye tumi ma bhakti,
Tomarayi pratima gari mandire mandire”
“Tvam hi Durga dashapraharana dharini,
The English translation and meaning of Vande Mataram
“Mother, I bow to thee!
Rich with thy hurrying streams,
Bright with orchard gleams,
Cool with thy winds of delight,
Dark fields waving Mother of might,
Glory of moonlight dreams,
Over thy branches and lordly streams,
Clad in thy blossoming trees,
Mother, giver of ease
Laughing low and sweet!
Mother I kiss thy feet,
Speaker sweet and low!
Vande Mataram Song Abcd 2
Mother, to thee I bow.
Who hath said thou art weak in thy lands
When the swords flesh out in the seventy million hands
And seventy million voices roar
Thy dreadful name from shore to shore
With many strengths who art mighty and stored,
To thee I call Mother and Lord!
Though who savest, arise and save!
To her I cry who ever her foeman drove
Back from plain and Sea
Vande Mataram Lyrics
And shook herself free.
Thou art wisdom, thou art law,
Thou art heart, our soul, our breath
Though art love divine, the awe
In our hearts that conquers death.
Thine the strength that nerves the arm,
Thine the beauty, thine the charm.
Every image made divine
In our temples is but thine.
Thou art Durga, Lady and Queen,
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With her hands that strike and her swords of sheen,
Thou art Lakshmi lotus-throned,
And the Muse a hundred-toned,
Pure and perfect without peer,
Mother lend thine ear,
Rich with thy hurrying streams,
Bright with thy orchard gleems,
Dark of hue O candid-fair
In thy soul, with bejewelled hair
And thy glorious smile divine,
Loveliest of all earthly lands,
Showering wealth from well-stored hands!
Mother, mother mine!
Mother sweet, I bow to thee,
Mother great and free!”
Adoption of Vande Mataram as National Song of India
Vande Mataram song which had a huge impact onthe freedom fighters and on the Indians slowly became the National song of India.The Muslim league and Muhammed Ali Jinnah opposed the song and it to become theNational song of Independent India. However with the support of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru the first two verses of the song was declared as theNational song of India. In order to support the sentiments of non Hindus theentire song was not considered for National song.
The song has been set in different Indian classicaltunes the oldest audio recording been in the year 1970. Even though analternate tune was produced by different musicians the song was not accepted todesignate as National anthem. Finally on 24th January Vande Mataram was declared as National songand Jana Gana Mana was declared as National Anthem of India.
Rajendra Prasad who was the then presidingofficer of the constituent assembly made the following statement “ The compositionconsisting of words and music known as Jana Gana Mana is the National Anthem ofIndia, subject to such alterations as the Government may authorise as occasionarises and the song Vande Mataram Which has played a historic part in thestruggle for the Indian Freedom, shall be honoured equally with Jana Gana Manaand shall have equal status with it. I hope this will satisfy the members”.
Vande Mataram has been translatedinto more than 10 languages. We at India-a2z.com would like to hear more aboutour National Song Vande Mataram. Do share your opinion with us by clicking thelink here.
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Here are some good books and cds on Vande Mataram
Vande Mataram Piano Notes
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